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It is believed that the monarch ruling the country should be the most intelligent, honest and noble. However, rulers are the same people who have the same weaknesses. In addition, "thanks to" the closeness of their lives, numerous kindred marriages, the psyche of kings is often threatened. There are many rulers in history who left their mark with their eccentricities, and not political actions.
So, Countess Elizabeth Bathory, loved to torture her servants, according to rumors, she even took baths from the blood of virgins, which undoubtedly looks unhealthy. Yes, and our Empress Anna loved to joke with the courtiers, dressing them up as clowns and holding playful weddings.
However, most of these quirks were still relatively bearable, while some of their colleagues were far more cruel, vanity, and insane. Long stay in power, coupled with such vices, had a negative impact on the life of entire states. Below are the ten craziest rulers in human history.
Emperor Zhengde. This Chinese ruler was in power from 1505 to 1521. He was one of the strangest members of the Ming Dynasty. He entered the throne at the age of 14. Soon after, the emperor was literally drunk with his power. He abandoned state affairs, devoting all his time to pubs and brothels, choosing the beauties he liked. The monarch built several palaces for exotic animals such as tigers and leopards. Often the emperor visited his favorites, opening cages and hunting predators. Even the governor's servants looked strange - he forced them to dress inside the palace as in a city block. On command, all those around him turned into passers-by and street vendors, while the emperor could, like a common man, walk along an improvised street. This childish behavior of the emperor caused massive gossip. Historians believe that it was from then that the tradition of laziness arose among the emperors, which ultimately led to the fall of the Ming dynasty. And Zhengde's death was pretty ridiculous. He died in 1521, presumably from an infection that entered the body after the monarch fell into the canal while intoxicated. But the strangest action of the emperor happened in 1518 - he suddenly decided to become a military man and declared himself a general. He personally led an expedition to Jiangxi province to catch the rebels who rebelled against his rule. It turned out that their leader had already been caught. Then the emperor, angry at the failure, ordered the release of the leader and an immediate hunt for him. So the ruler regained the thrill of the chase.
Frederick William I. This king of Prussia ruled from 1713 to 1740. Although his main activity was peaceful, he periodically recalled his addictions to the army. He often summoned army units to him and forced them to march in front of him, even in the moments of his illness, being bedridden. The monarch was quite ascetic, he even slept in the barracks of his soldiers. But the king had a goal - to make his army the strongest in Europe. This obsessive goal carried over to the family. He wanted his son, Frederick, to become a good soldier. The boy woke up every morning from a cannon shot. The monarch even provided his son with a small arsenal and created his own army of child soldiers. When the king saw that the heir was badly undergoing military training, he simply beat him. Not surprisingly, in the end, Frederick II even tried to escape, but was captured and imprisoned by his own father. The king's obsession is associated with the creation of a special army unit, the Potsdam Giants. Only the strongest and tallest soldiers were to enter it. "Giants" became the king's favorite project, he did everything possible to implement this venture. Mercenaries were called to this "special forces", so one Irish soldier was about 210 centimeters in height. The neighboring kingdoms, for the sake of maintaining friendship with the Prussians, sent their high soldiers there to serve. In his efforts, the king went even further - all tall boys were drafted into the unit, and tall men and women were recommended to have joint children for the future replenishment of the unit.
Ludwig II of Bavaria. One of the most beloved and eccentric rulers of Bavaria, he ruled the country from 1864 to 1886. The glory of King Ludwig came from his strange obsession with charming buildings and quaint castles. The monarch's family was difficult, so he devoted himself to art, music, as well as creating his own fantasy world. This behavior carried over into Ludwig's reign as king. Moreover, the young man became a monarch at the age of 18. Ludwig did not like public speaking, preferring to remain alone in his castle, where operas and performances were even staged for him. At the same time, the monarch was not at all a recluse - he loved to travel around the country, while he loved to stop and talk with random people he met. The common people fell in love with the modest character of the king, but there were those who decided to remove the monarch from power. The conspirators compiled a whole list of Ludwig's eccentricities - talking to fictional people, bad manners, shyness, a penchant for picnics by the moon with naked dancers. These arguments were made in order to prove the madness of the king. Although the veracity of such charges is highly controversial, in 1886 Ludwig was declared unfit to rule the country and stripped of power. The very next day after his resignation, the king was found dead in the lake, many believe that this was the work of his rivals. Today Ludwig is known not so much for eccentricities as for the numerous castles built in Bavaria. The king was literally obsessed with their construction, he often traveled abroad to consult with builders and architects. One of the most complex creations is Neuschwanstein Castle. A stunning fortress is located on a steep cliff. This project was inspired by the music of Richard Wagner. Ludwig was so carried away by his architectural projects that the kingdom almost went bankrupt due to the constant construction of castles. Ironically, today these castles are among the most lucrative tourist attractions in Bavaria.
Charles VI. This king of France ruled the country from 1380 to 1422. The monarch received the eloquent nickname "mad". During the time of Charles VI, the country participated in the Hundred Years War. Historians believe that signs of psychosis and paranoia emerged at an early age, which eventually led to the development of schizophrenia. The first clear manifestation of mental abnormalities occurred in 1392, when the king was enraged while riding horses through the forest. Karl suddenly lost his orientation, became so violent that he attacked his own servants and companions. The king even managed to kill one of the knights before he was pacified. Since then, Karl's condition has only worsened. He often forgot who he was, he had to remind him of his royal position and duties. Once the insane monarch refused to bathe and change for several months. It is known that Karl so often ran wildly through the halls of his palace that the doors were eventually boarded up for his own safety. Pope Pius II also noted the strange behavior of Charles. He once wrote in his notes that the king somehow suddenly decided that he was glass and could fall apart. Fearing destruction, Karl began to wear soft clothes and forbade touching him. In the Middle Ages, this mental illness was quite common and was called the "Glass Delusion".
Qin Shi Huang. From 246 BC until 221 BC he ruled as King of Qin until 210 BC. already as Emperor of China. Although this ruler was a capable manager, alternating toughness with cruelty, there were certain problems in Qin Shi Huang's personal life. The main mental problem of the emperor was the fear of death devouring him, which forced the monarch to spend most of his life searching for immortality. The emperor was constantly afraid that enemies would encroach on his life. The paranoia led to the fact that Shi Huang Ti never slept twice in the same place, and his travels were accompanied by a large number of archers. Determining the whereabouts of the emperor was considered a serious crime in itself. Over time, underground passages were built for the ruler, which allowed him to travel unseen between palaces. During his lifetime, Qin Shi Huang began to build his own massive tomb, which, in case (or after) death, would protect the remains from enemies. The tomb was found only recently - more than 8,000 life-size terracotta figures were found there. In addition to the soldiers protecting the emperor, there were many servants - an entire city to serve the king in the afterlife. Such a measure was just a precautionary measure, along with this Qin Shi Huang Ti constantly consulted with pharmacists, fortune tellers and other spiritual teachers in search of some elixir that would prolong life or even make him immortal. By the way, the monarch's paranoia cannot be called completely unfounded - during his reign there were as many as three assassination attempts. However, the emperor's suspicions were directed in completely senseless directions. So, he was very afraid of being killed by a sea monster. The monarch claimed that in a dream he saw how the creatures went out to hunt him. That is why Qin Shukhandi never left his palace without a detachment of guards. Such paranoia did not remain harmless - after hunting for one of the sea monsters and killing a whale thrown ashore, the emperor fell seriously ill and died a few days later.
Emperor Norton I. In the 19th century, the United States was unofficially proclaimed Emperor Norton, with the capital of the state in San Francisco. The monarch declared himself neither more nor less "Emperor of the United States" and "Defender of Mexico." The unofficial reign lasted from 1859 to 1880. This man's real name was Joshua Abraham Norton. In 1849, this rich Briton came to the United States. However, a series of failed investments destroyed the fortune. Financial problems led to megalomania and very eccentric behavior. As a result, in 1859, Norton officially declared himself the ruler of all America. Local newspapers initially took Norton's claims as a joke. However, the "emperor" soon became very popular among the people of San Francisco. They even began to refer to Norton in public places as "Your Highness" and issued the original uniform. The early part of Norton's reign was devoted to the issuing of decrees to dissolve the "corrupt" US Congress and to officially declare himself emperor. When all the efforts of the "ruler" were ignored, he decided to pay attention to local issues. Thus, the emperor personally walked the streets of the city and checked the condition of roads and buildings. To solve pressing problems, Norton even allocated his own funds, which were gladly accepted by local merchants. Norton himself was poor, but he was allowed to eat free at one of the best restaurants in San Francisco, as well as get tickets for each new play. In exchange, it was only required to allow the imperial seal of approval to be placed on the doors of the institution. Norton died on the street in 1880. All city newspapers paid great attention to the obituary, while about 30 thousand citizens gathered at the monarch's funeral. Although the emperor's mental problems were obvious, he himself at times displayed an amazing gift of foresight. Thus, he foresaw that the League of Nations would be formed without the participation of the United States, predicted the emergence of a bridge between Oakland and San Francisco, which also became a reality. But it is not worth considering his decrees as rational. For example, in 1872, Norton declared that anyone calling his city the derogatory term "Frisco" should be fined $ 25.
Ibrahim I. This sultan of the Ottoman Empire, who ruled from 1640 to 1648, is also known by the nickname "Mad". Among all the Turkish sultans, it was he who was the most mentally unstable, although there were enough crazy and cruel rulers in this country in the 16-17 centuries. Today it is practically proven that Ibrahim suffered from a number of mental illnesses. Most of them are caused by the cage building, with few windows, where the future monarch spent his youth. After his brother's death in 1640, 23-year-old Ibrahim was released and was declared sultan. His delight was so great that he immediately led to madness. Ibrahim began to make up for lost time, mainly through his harem, which could satisfy his insatiable sexual appetite. The Sultan liked to gather his concubines in the courtyard and gallop around them with a horse whinny. Ibrahim had an irresistible passion, a fetish, for fat women. Once he even sent his servants to find and deliver him the fattest woman on Earth. They returned with an almost 200-kilogram beauty, nicknamed "Sugar", who became his beloved wife in the harem. However, Ibrahim's eccentricities were not limited to his sexual games. The sultan was very greedy, his servants often robbed the homes of his subjects in order to deliver perfumes and clothes that he demanded to his ruler. Ibrahim also became famous for his character, he was naturally violence. In addition to numerous tortures and executions, the sultan once threw his young son into a pool of water, and later slashed his face in a fit of anger. Such a stream of cruelty and debauchery led to the appearance of many enemies of the Sultan. In 1648, a coup took place, and the ruler was arrested and returned to his cage for some time. Later, Ibrahim was strangled by the assassins sent. The monarch's strange behavior was his impulsive and very aggressive behavior. So, when he once received news that someone from his harem had been compromised, he ordered to torture many women at once. When the name of the traitor never remained clear, Ibrahim ordered 280 of his harem wives to be drowned in the lake.
Juana I. The Queen went down in history under the nickname "Mad". Juana ruled over Spain from 1504 to 1555. Juana of Castile became the first kings of the Habsburg dynasty, marrying Philip of Burgundy in 1496. The couple were unusual in love with each other, which was unusual for a royal marriage, but soon everything changed. Juana turned out to be jealous, while Philip was extremely promiscuous in his love interests. Her husband's numerous betrayals made Juana feel paranoid. Believing that her husband would constantly look after pretty maids, the queen accepted only old and ugly ladies into her service and retinue. Once Juana even attacked one of the women, considering her to be Philip's mistress. Desperate to find out the truth from her husband, the queen began to resort to the services of sorcerers and their potions. When her husband continued to ignore her, she even went on a hunger strike.It is not entirely clear whether Juana was actually crazy, but this unpredictable behavior, along with the desire of people next to her to usurp power, led to the fact that the woman spent the last years of her life, being locked in a remote castle. The queen's eccentricity has increased significantly since 1506, when Philip died in the course of a rapid illness. Juana was completely confused, wore black robes and cried uncontrollably. She traveled with the coffin in Castile, even demanded that it be opened under various reasons in order to kiss the feet of her late husband and look at him again. Worried that her husband would cheat after death, Juana forbade any woman to be near the coffin. Even nuns were banned.
George III. This king of England ruled for many years - from 1760 to 1820. His case is perhaps the most famous among the royal madness. Georg suffered from recurrent bouts of mental illness during the last part of his life. Historians today believe that the king probably suffered from porphyria, a blood disorder, but the monarch's doctors were unable to make such a diagnosis. During the attacks, Georg shouted loud words, insults and curses until he was tied up in a straitjacket and gagged. A team of doctors was dispatched to help the monarch, but their primitive methods of treatment seemed to make the condition even worse. The king eventually fell completely under the rule of delirium. So, it seemed to him that London was swept away by a flood, he gave orders to fictitious or long-dead people, and once even tried to attack one of the servants for sexual purposes. A bizarre incident happened one Christmas. The king named his pillow "Prince Caesar" and began to celebrate her new birth on this day. Nevertheless, the king often had moments of clarification, the disease receded for a while. Over time, the delirium returned, as a result, after a significant loss of hearing and sight, George III was in seclusion until his death, and the regent began to rule the country. One of the king's strangest delusions came during his first outbreak of illness, when he met a possessed woman named Elizabeth Spencer. In the heat of his infatuation with her, George began to believe that they were married, claiming that Queen Charlotte, the lawful wife, was in fact an impostor who wanted to kill the monarch.
Caligula. Only 4 years, from 37 to 41 years, Caligula was the Roman emperor. However, this was enough for him to go down in history as one of the most cruel and strange rulers. When Caligula came to power in Rome, he was only 25 years old. During the first two years of his reign, he was able to achieve love by proving his ability. Later, few people doubted the emperor's madness. These mental deviations were ultimately expressed in the form of some of the laws of the ruler. It was illegal to look the emperor in the face, for this they threw him into a den with lions. Caligula used numerous tortures and executions, he made many efforts to develop new methods of killing his enemies. One of his favorite executions is said to have been covering a criminal with honey and launching a swarm of wasps at him. Today Caligula is best known for his promiscuous sexual behavior. It includes, perhaps, everything - bisexuality, bestiality and even incest. It is believed that the emperor slept with each of his three sisters. Caligula loved grandiose orgies, at which he declared himself a demigod, also holding parties and parties with an abundance of food and wine. As a result, the imperial palace turned into a real brothel. Unsurprisingly, the head of state's insane behavior drew the wrath of his political rivals, who successfully plotted and assassinated Caligula in 41 A.D. Some of Caligula's strange deeds involve his beloved horse. Incitation. The emperor dressed the animal in luxurious outfits and built a luxurious marble stable for him. The horse was served by a whole army of servants. The emperor even allowed the horse to eat directly from the table at dinner parties, and guests were often invited to the palace on behalf of Incitata. But the most extravagant act was the actions of Caligula to give the horse, first, the official citizenship of Rome, and then senatorialism. The noble trotter did not manage to become the consul - the death of the owner prevented.